The Internet of Things is simply “A network of Internet-connected objects able to collect and exchange data”.
It is commonly abbreviated as IoT.
The internet of things (IoT) is being touted as the next big development in a connected world.
The logic/concept is very simple, “Networking”.
That is accessing your “Things” remotely through internet.
Connecting your electronic devices to internet.
It involves extending internet connectivity beyond standard devices such as computers, androids to any range of non internet enabled physical devices and everyday objects.
Embedded with technology these devices can communicate and interact over the Internet, and they can be remotely monitored and controlled.
Suppose, you forgot to turn-off your bathroom’s Geyser and you realize this when you reach office. Now you can simply turn-off that Geyser using your mobile application. This ease engineers want to provide to consumers through IoT.
The word “Internet of Things” has two main parts; Internet being the backbone of connectivity, and things meaning objects/devices. In a simple way to put it, you have “things” that sense and collect data and send it to the internet. This data can be accessible by other “things” too. It is the network which stores information supplied by humans, and then human can connect to this network and retrieve the information, exchange it as per their convenience.
Millions of devices, appliances, machines, sensors and objects that can represent themselves digitally, talking to each other on a cloud platform across the globe, is what IoT promises. It provides opportunities to integrate, understand and analyze humongous amount of data to co-create a bright future. This would involve the internet taking up all the mundane tasks, bring in a great level of automation, as well as leverage data to make use of energy and resources efficiently and effectively
IoT works with its 4 fundamentals components:-
Sensors – It collects the data from surrounding environment. Collected data can range from simple temperature monitoring to complex video feed.
Connectivity – Next that collected data is sent to cloud using medium of transport. So sensors are connected to the cloud through various medium of communication such as Wi-Fi, satellite networks, Bluetooth etc…
Data Processing – Collected data gets to the cloud, the software performs processing on the acquired data. This can range from something very simple, such as checking temperature readings on devices to very complex thing such as identifying objects.
User Interface – Next, information is made available to end users. This can be achieved by notifying them through alarms, text, emails.
For developing an IoT device you should be aware of the following three concepts:
On what protocols Internet works.
How can you connect your “Things” to internet or how can you develop internet enabled “Things”.
How can you provide “Internet Security” to these devices? [Just Imagine a stranger turning off your room’s light]
The internet of things devices such as machines and sensors are expected to generate 79.4 Zettabytes of data in 2025 which is predicted by IDC (International Data Corporation).
IOT will grow at a compound annual growth rate of 28.7% over 2020 t0 2025.
According to the projection of the statista Research Department, 75.44 billion devices will be connected with the IOT worldwide by 2025.
IOT internet technology is the next major step in making the world a connected place.
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